Chapter

Introduction

John Renard

in Islam and Christianity

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780520255081
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948334 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520255081.003.0001
Introduction

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This chapter introduces a book in which theological themes of Islam and Christianity are discussed. A fundamental question in Christian theological study of scripture concerns exactly what belongs in the Bible. Biblical theology has meant at least two very different things in Christian thought over the centuries. First, it can refer to the theological implications and themes of the text of the Bible, that is, reading the Bible precisely as a theological document. Second, biblical theology can refer to the labors of early modern and contemporary Christian exegetes, whether a more conservative method or the avowedly historical-critical method, to articulate integrated theological interpretations of the sacred text, that is, theologies of the Bible. Islamic theological concerns gradually began to shift toward a critique of the prevailing polytheistic orientation of Mecca's dominant Quraysh tribe, combined with a steady condemnation of the complicity of Quraysh leadership in the commercial exploitation of Mecca's ritual center, the Ka′ba, and of religious allegiances in general.

Keywords: theological themes; Islam; Christianity; Bible; Ka′ba

Chapter.  9532 words. 

Subjects: East Asian Religions

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