Into the Gulf

Jeremy Salt

in The Unmaking of the Middle East

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780520255517
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520934757 | DOI:
Into the Gulf

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This chapter examines issues related to the Iran–Iraq War from 1980 to 1988. This conflict was led by Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni of Iran and Saddam Hussein al Tikriti of Iraq, which eventually led to a stalemate when both parties accepted a United Nations resolution to cease fighting. Saddam survived this war and two others, the American-led attack of 1991, and the American-led invasion of 2003, before being caught in December 2003.

Keywords: Iran–Iraq War; Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni; Saddam Hussein; American-led attack; American-led invasion

Chapter.  19521 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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