Michael Lannoo

in Malformed Frogs

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780520255883
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942530 | DOI:

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In the summer of 1995, students found a large number of malformed northern leopard frogs (Rana pipiens) on a field trip to Minnesota. This discovery was quickly followed by other similar reports. This book explores the science underlying the malformed frog phenomenon: the history, the background that science provides to our current thinking, and what science offers in terms of solutions to the problem. It also identifies the causes and mechanisms underlying malformations, and offers possible solutions to this phenomenon.

Keywords: northern leopard frogs; Rana pipiens; Minnesota; malformed frog phenomenon; malformations

Chapter.  2441 words. 

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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