Chapter

Malformed Frog Types

Michael Lannoo

in Malformed Frogs

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780520255883
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942530 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520255883.003.0003
Malformed Frog Types

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This chapter present radiographs demonstrating the extensive range of frog malformation types. Malformation types are based on: (1) structures absent or reduced, (2) structures duplicated or multiplied (e.g. multiple hindlimbs), and (3) structures present but otherwise abnormal (e.g., eye position, jaw shape, limb shape, skin color, pigment pattern). The specimens used here were collected from Minnesota, Wisconsin, California, Indiana, and Alaska.

Keywords: frog malformation; malformation types; multiple hindlimbs; Minnesota; Wisconsin; California; Indiana; Alaska

Chapter.  11368 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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