Chapter

Five Anole Faunas, Part Two

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780520255913
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520943735 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0004
Five Anole Faunas, Part Two

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This chapter introduces the unique (or non-ecomorph) anoles of the Greater Antilles, and the anoles of the smaller islands of the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles, and Central America. It begins by describing the Greater Antillean unique anoles, which include the false chameleons of Cuba; Anolis barbouri, the only truly terrestrial West Indian anole; the Cuban Anolis vermiculatus and the Haitian Anolis eugenegrahami, two species that are only found near streams; Anolis bartschi, a dewlapless species found in Western Cuba; and Anolis lucius, a species with transparent scales on its eyelids. The chapter then discusses species–area relationships, faunal relaxation, and ecomorphology of anoles found in smaller islands of the Greater Antilles. The Lesser Antillean islands contain at most two anole species, and no relationship exists between island area and number of species. Finally, the chapter describes the anoles of Central and South America, or the “mainland anoles.”

Keywords: non-ecomorph anoles; Greater Antilles; Lesser Antilles; Central America; unique anoles; faunal relaxation; ecomorphology; mainland anoles

Chapter.  7201 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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