Chapter

The Archaeological Evidence

Stephen V. Tracy

in Pericles

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780520256033
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520943629 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520256033.003.0003
The Archaeological Evidence

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Despite his prominence in Athenian politics and the leading role he played in the expansion of Athens' influence for a generation, Pericles' name has yet to turn up completely preserved on any of the hundreds of inscriptions to have survived from the fifth century B.C. Only the last two letters of his name are preserved in the fragmentary list of generals who swore to uphold the peace treaty concluded with the inhabitants of the island of Samos in 439 at the close of the bitter conflict that ended their revolt. His name has been restored by editors in another fragmentary inscription, the so-called Springhouse Decree. Two of the largest inscribed marble pillars ever set up in Athens recorded the first twenty-three years of payments to Athena by the members of the Athenian empire; they were placed on the Acropolis—exactly where is uncertain—and are known as the Tribute Lists. This chapter examines archaeological evidence that offers insights into the life of Pericles, including inscriptions and ostraca, portrait busts, and the building program on the Acropolis.

Keywords: Pericles; Athens; Springhouse Decree; Acropolis; ostraca; portrait busts; Samos; marble pillars; Tribute Lists; archaeological evidence

Chapter.  2748 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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