Chapter

Neogene Insectivora

Percy M. Butler

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780520257214
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945425 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0029
Neogene Insectivora

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The order Insectivora was formerly used to comprise a miscellany of eutherians with primitive characters, thought to be relatively little modified descendants from the ancestral eutherian stock. Subsequent investigations of eutherian phylogeny have resulted in the removal of a number of insectivoran families to separate orders. The African families consist of the Macroscelididae (order Macroscelidea), Tenrecidae, Chrysochloridae (order Tenrecoidea), Erinaceidae, and Soricidae. Erinaceidae and Soricidae have a wide distribution outside Africa, with a fossil record going back to the Eocene, but they appear in Africa only in the Miocene, as immigrants. This chapter describes the systematic paleontology of Neogene Insectivora.

Keywords: Africa; paleontology; Neogene; Insectivora; Erinaceidae; Soricidae; Eocene; Miocene; eutherians

Chapter.  6236 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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