Patricia A. Holroyd, Fabrice Lihoreau, Gregg F. Gunnell and Ellen R. Miller

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780520257214
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945425 | DOI:

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Anthracotheriidae are a group of bunodont to selenodont artiodactyls distributed throughout the Old World and North America. The earliest anthracotheriids appear in the latest middle Eocene in Asia, and they survive into the late Miocene in Africa and Asia. Because members of the family are widespread, the group has often been important for interpretations of biogeography. Anthracotheres have also been pivotal in discussions of mammalian phylogeny. In Africa, members of the family are first recorded from the late Eocene Qasr el Sagha Formation, Egypt, and the family persists through the late Miocene. During the Miocene, anthracotheres had an extended range across eastern, central, southern, and northern Africa, although their diversity in Africa appears to have always been greatest in North Africa. Black (1978) provided the first review of the entire African record of this family. The Paleogene forms have since been considerably revised by Ducrocq (1997) and the Neogene ones by Pickford (1991b). A number of studies have elucidated the systematics, paleoecology, and biogeographic relationships of African anthracotheres.

Keywords: Anthracotheriidae; artiodactyls; anthracotheriids; Eocene; Miocene; Africa; biogeography; systematics; paleoecology; anthracotheres

Chapter.  5218 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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