Chapter

Medicine, or Novelty Appeal

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780520257658
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0002
Medicine, or Novelty Appeal

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This chapter explains the term, medicine, and examines the theoretical foundations for Bian Que in ancient China to make his prediction, or for today's physician to make his or her evaluation. Medicine is the endeavor to understand the normal and abnormal states of the body and of X (soul) in their origins and development, to attain the knowledge that is required to promote the normal or healthy states. Medicine uses the scientific study of nature of man and his habitat to attain this knowledge. The science of nature is based on the assumption of laws of nature that are valid independently of time, space, and person. Medicine is merely a part of healing that includes all efforts to heal the body and X or to preserve health. Healing becomes medicine only when its practitioners recognize the laws of nature and use only these laws of nature to investigate possible explanations of the body's functions. Healing is the endeavor to prevent abnormal states of the body and to treat them if they occur.

Keywords: medicine; ancient China; laws of nature; functions of body; normal states of body; healing activity; nonmedical healing

Chapter.  1570 words. 

Subjects: Medical Anthropology

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