Chapter

Manifold Experiences of the World

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780520257658
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0032
Manifold Experiences of the World

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The era of Hellenism was the first shift in early Western history. The center of power moved and the power structure changed. European medicine had emerged and persisted. The incessant changes of place and structural framework made it very difficult to find an indisputable model image for a new view of the organism in the human body. Individual authors continually came up with new thoughts and suggested new hypotheses and they introduced new teachings into medicine that ensued from their entirely personal model images. Each of these authors created impulses and drew model images out of his own subconscious experience of the world to formulate new views of the organism. Each of these authors lived in a unique environment. Each of these authors had their own totally specific, subconscious ideas of harmony and crisis, of order and chaos and how one condition turns into the other. There was no longer any world experience uniting the majority of society as had been the case during the polis democracy.

Keywords: European medicine; era of Hellenism; human body; polis democracy; ancient Greek medicine; real environment

Chapter.  581 words. 

Subjects: Medical Anthropology

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