Chapter

The Variety of Therapeutics

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780520257658
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0052
The Variety of Therapeutics

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This chapter provides detailed information on the variety of therapeutics available over the years. The influence of the Christian worldview had already been encouraging a religious healing for centuries. The Scholastics made an attempt to unite Christian teachings and ancient philosophy. The anatomists conducted autopsies but with their view into the corpse, they sought the confirmation of the meager knowledge taken by Mondino from an anatomically insignificant text of Galen's and from his own experience. The situation in the Greek cultural domain led to the development of the polis democracy. The ideal structure of the societal organism offered insights into the structure of the body. The initial situation in China was similar. From the sociopolitical upheavals and social philosophies of the fourth to second centuries bc, two opposing traditions emerged, each with its own view of the body. The two basic directions of thought were clear and understandable.

Keywords: therapeutics; Christian teachings; Greek cultural domain; polis democracy; social philosophies

Chapter.  961 words. 

Subjects: Medical Anthropology

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