Chapter

Galenism as Trade in Antiques

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780520257658
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0055
Galenism as Trade in Antiques

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Progress in anatomy in the early modern age was slow and the distancing from Galenic anatomy was gradual. One might object that Galen's knowledge experienced a thorough reacquisition and was further developed to the extent that some historians even talked about “Galenism”. The Parisian anatomist Jacques Dubois, named Sylvius, the teacher of Vesalius, was one of them. He had accepted the new knowledge of the vein valves from younger anatomists. But apart from that, he saw the interior of the body only as Galen had presented it over a millennium beforehand. There are groups with anachronistic world views in the twenty-first century and it was also in the fifteenth and sixteenth century, when Berengario da Carpi, Nicolo Massa, Charles Estienne, Giovanni Battista Canano, and Andreas Vesalius published their views. They were not totally influenced by the copies and reproductions of Galenism. They were still impartial enough to explore the details of the body's reality without being led astray by a prefabricated theory.

Keywords: early modern age; Galenic anatomy; Galenism; molecular biology; body's reality

Chapter.  866 words. 

Subjects: Medical Anthropology

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