Chapter

Traditional Medicine in the PRC: Faith in Science

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780520257658
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0084
Traditional Medicine in the PRC: Faith in Science

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With the victory of the People's Liberation Army and the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Marxists made a decision about the future of medicine, adapted to the situation in China according to the thoughts of Mao. Memories of the old doctrines of yin-yang and the five agents were relativized as attempts of the ancestors to master the powers of nature with materialistic thinking. These were primitive attempts, but still attempts to leave behind the numinous and metaphysical, and to open the world to materialism. It is touted that whatever science cannot explain today, it will explain in the years to come. As a result, the old, typically Chinese inductive thinking has been exchanged for modern logic, the Western way of thinking.

Keywords: People's Liberation Army; People's Republic of China; medicine; future; science

Chapter.  542 words. 

Subjects: Medical Anthropology

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