Chapter

Communists vs. the Military Government, Collaborators vs. Communists

Hillel Cohen

in Good Arabs

Published by University of California Press

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780520257672
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944886 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520257672.003.0003
Communists vs. the Military Government, Collaborators vs. Communists

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Letters informing on compatriots were not unusual in Israel's Arab villages in the 1950s and 1960s. Some reported on people who provided safe houses for infiltrators, and others turned in Arabs who owned weapons. On occasion, such letters were sent by known collaborators who sought to prove their efficacy or by Arabs who wanted to ingratiate themselves with the authorities. The security or political charges the letters contained were intended to prompt police action. The Communists' overt opposition to the military government and its laws, their fundamental position that Israel should withdraw to the 1947 partition borders, and the systematic way they recruited supporters all made them the major rival of Mapai (and the security agencies, which were in the hands of Mapai) in the Arab public. The Israeli establishment thus viewed them as a clear and present danger to the Jewish state. Clashes between Communist activists and the police and military government became routine. Two Arab personages who enjoyed the support of the Israeli establishment in their contention with the Communists were Mutran Hakim and Muhammad Nimer al-Hawwari.

Keywords: Israel; Arabs; security; collaborators; military government; Communists; Mutran Hakim; Muhammad Nimer al-Hawwari; police; Mapai

Chapter.  10692 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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