Chapter

Policing the Borders in the Heartland

Samuel Martínez

in International Migration and Human Rights

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780520258211
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520942578 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520258211.003.0008
Policing the Borders in the Heartland

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This chapter provides an analysis that argues for a broadened definition of the state that captures the multiple arenas through which residents are incorporated into the U.S., economy, society and polity, and how community processes, migratory patterns, and resistance strategies may inhibit incorporation. This process of incorporation occurs at the local community level and involves ongoing social regulatory activities that circumscribe the ways in which new residents can make claims as permanent members of specific locales. It explores the process of economic development and shifting recruitment strategies of the local employer. It analyzes the contradictory effects of immigration law enforcement and other formal and informal social regulatory processes in terms of the politics of settlement, mobility, communication, and social interaction. It concludes with a discussion of how these class-based, racialized, and gendered patterns contributed to the social regulation of citizenship.

Keywords: policing; borders; migratory patterns; community processes; immigration law; economic development

Chapter.  7499 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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