Chapter

Healing California: Jewish Reformers and Revolutionaries in the Progressive Era

Fred Rosenbaum

in Cosmopolitans

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780520259133
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945029 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520259133.003.0005
Healing California: Jewish Reformers and Revolutionaries in the Progressive Era

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Early in the twentieth century, Northern California Jews listened to their rabbis' pleas for social justice, but they were influenced even more by the clamor for reform outside the synagogue. They were energized above all by the Progressive movement, which transformed California after Hiram Johnson's gubernatorial victory in 1910. Jews developed and advocated many reforms, and helped to pass them in the legislature, sustain them in the courts, and implement them throughout the state. But if Jews were part of the problem of exploitative capitalism, they were also central to the solution. Jewish men and women at the turn of the century turned to reform with a zeal matched only by one other group: Protestants from New England. This chapter focuses on Jewish reformers and revolutionaries in the Progressive era in San Francisco. It discusses free enterprise in San Francisco, Adolph Sutro and his defense of the common good, public morals and public health, agriculture, Simon Lubin as champion of the migrants, and prison reform.

Keywords: Jews; San Francisco; reforms; prison reform; Simon Lubin; migrants; Adolph Sutro; Protestants; Progressive era; public health

Chapter.  15761 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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