Chapter

History and Development of Comparative Biogeography

Lynne R. Parenti and Malte C. Ebach

in Comparative Biogeography

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780520259454
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944398 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520259454.003.0002
History and Development of Comparative Biogeography

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Systematic biogeography, the discovery of classification of regions based on biotic area homologies, is a newly emerging method of biogeography that bridges phylogenetic and distribution patterns. This chapter reviews the history of area classification as it relates to the development of comparative biogeography, and introduces the notion of area relationship, known as area homology, which forms the basis of geographical congruence or area monophyly. The chapter focuses on the application of a systematic biogeography to demonstrate biotic area homology, and then explores mechanisms or processes that may have given rise to general patterns or expressions of area relationships.

Keywords: systemic biogeography; biotic area homologies; biogeography; area classification; area homology; area monophyly

Chapter.  9933 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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