Chapter

Biogeographic Methods and Applications

Lynne R. Parenti and Malte C. Ebach

in Comparative Biogeography

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780520259454
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944398 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520259454.003.0006
Biogeographic Methods and Applications

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Biogeographic methods and applications are abundant, vary in their aims, and are classified in different ways. This chapter discusses biogeographic methods and applications used to describe and classify biotic areas and to discover general patterns or to explain a biotic distribution through a series of hypothetical mechanisms. Systematic biogeographic methods are either purely descriptive—observations or records of data—or they aim to discover biogeographic patterns. Evolutionary biogeographic methods apply techniques from ecology, paleontology, or molecular systematics to predict or postulate evolutionary and/or geographical mechanisms to explain distribution.

Keywords: biogeographic methods; biotic areas; biotic distribution; systematic biogeographic methods; evolutionary biogeographic methods

Chapter.  10117 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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