Implementing Principlesbiogeography of the Pacific

Lynne R. Parenti and Malte C. Ebach

in Comparative Biogeography

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 2009 | ISBN: 9780520259454
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520944398 | DOI:
Implementing Principlesbiogeography of the Pacific

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This chapter explores the complex biogeography of the Pacific to implement a comparative biogeographic method, demonstrating the power of biogeography to discover and interpret natural patterns. Complex relationships among the marine and terrestrial biota of the Indo-West Pacific include information about area homology. To implement a comparative biogeographic method, areas of endemism in and around the Pacific are identified for an array of taxa, combined with geological limits and features through time. Phylogenetic analyses of taxa in areas of endemism form the raw data of area relationships. The chapter proposes area homologs and combines them into an area classification or general pattern, and relates Pacific patterns to global patterns.

Keywords: Pacific; comparative biogeographic method; biogeography; Indo-West Pacific; area homology; endemism; area homologs

Chapter.  6373 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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