Chapter

Icons and/or Statues?

Chris Hann and Hermann Goltz

in Eastern Christians in Anthropological Perspective

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780520260559
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945920 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520260559.003.0004
Icons and/or Statues?

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Byzantine icons and Latin statues belong to two different, if not opposite, religious worlds: Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism. Yet they can be found together in many Greek Catholic churches in contemporary Hungary and Romania. This chapter, based on ethnographical fieldwork conducted in northern Transylvania (1998–2001) and northeastern Hungary (2004–2005), focuses on liturgical, aesthetic, and architectural transformations within the Greek Catholic churches in Romania and Hungary. These churches, like the other Greek Catholic churches of Central Europe, are located on the border between Eastern and Western Christianity and present an original synthesis of Catholic canon and Byzantine ritual, a mixture of Latin and Eastern traditions, and of “official” and “popular” religious elements. While officially always following the Byzantine rite, these churches have been subjected to Latinization through the centuries.

Keywords: Byzantine icons; Latin statues; Greek Catholic churches; Hungary; Romania; Christianity

Chapter.  9147 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology of Religion

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