John S. Wilkins

in Species

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2009 | ISBN: 9780520260856
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945074 | DOI:

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This book traces some of the main pre-biology and early biology historical accounts of species, beginning in the Western tradition with Plato and Aristotle. The essentialist view derived from Plato and Aristotle held that a species is differentiated out of a larger class or genus by a set of necessary traits all members possess. Charles Darwin and his successors held the generative conception of species, in which species are found to be populations without essences, but with common ancestry.

Keywords: species; Plato; Aristotle; essentialist view; genus; Charles Darwin; generative conception; essences

Chapter.  3106 words. 

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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