Workers, Labor Unrest, and the Formulation and Dissemination of Radical Leftist ideas

Ilham Khuri-Makdisi

in The Eastern Mediterranean and the Making of Global Radicalism, 1860-1914

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780520262010
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945463 | DOI:
Workers, Labor Unrest, and the Formulation and Dissemination of Radical Leftist ideas

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A new manner of social contestation in the last quarter of the nineteenth century appeared in Ottoman cities, particularly the capital, Istanbul, and port cities such as Salonica, Izmir, Alexandria, Beirut, and Tunis. This chapter is concerned with workers' dissemination of radicalism, mostly among themselves but also to other segments of the populations of Beirut, Cairo, and Alexandria. Just as Alexandria, Cairo, and Beirut were poles of attraction for radical intellectual networks, they were also sites of convergence and intersection for a multiplicity of labor traditions and workers' networks of contestation. The tactic of the history of national labor movements in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth from a global perspective—indeed, the movement of capital, labor, and information and the establishment of internationalist workers' associations—meant that the history of workers in one locality was much more connected to other localities and global affairs, both formally and informally.

Keywords: Ottoman cities; Tunis; Salonica; contestation; Izmir

Chapter.  14118 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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