Chapter

Peter Mongus Struggles with the Past

Edward J. Watts

in Riot in Alexandria

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780520262072
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520945623 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520262072.003.0008
Peter Mongus Struggles with the Past

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This chapter explores how the Council of Chalcedon limited the power of Cyril's successors and bishops of Alexandria, Dioscorus (444–451) and Timothy Aelurus (457–477), by setting their teachings outside of imperially sanctioned orthodoxy. Not only did this development deny these bishops access to imperial funds and render them less effective patrons, but it also forced each man into a lengthy exile. Fittingly, these two men looked to Athanasius for a historical model that explained their unwillingness to compromise in the face of imperial pressure. Despite the loss of financial and political patronage, the evocation of historical exemplars such as Athanasius gave anti-Chalcedonian bishops a way to encourage their congregations to remain loyal. This course was closed to Peter Mongus, an opponent of Chalcedon who, later in his episcopate, entered into theological cooperation with the emperor Zeno. Mongus's decisive intervention against scholastic paganism in 486 defined him according to a different set of standards.

Keywords: Council of Chalcedon; Alexandria; bishops; Dioscorus; Timothy Aelurus; orthodoxy; Peter Mongus; paganism

Chapter.  18397 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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