Chapter

Before the <i>Shimin</i>: The Dark Energy of the People

Simon Andrew Avenell

in Making Japanese Citizens

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780520262706
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520947672 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520262706.003.0002
Before the Shimin: The Dark Energy of the People

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Earlier or in the exact year of 1960, the conservative behavior of the shimin idea and civic activism started with anti-security treaty protest. In the past, the word shimin was not used by many whenever they were using the term in connection to politics because most people would sense a negative meaning of this word. For most Marxists, shimin and shimin Shakai or civil society amounted merely to the bourgeoisie and bourgeois society, and it could be a step on the path to somewhere better. In the first part of this chapter, the interventions of the philosopher Tsurumi Shunsuke and his intellectual club, the Institute for the Science of Thought or Shisō no Kagaku Kenkyūkai, formed in 1946 by Tsurumi, his sister Kazuko, and a group of like-minded academics is discussed. In the second part of this chapter, the independent cultural circle or sākuru activism of the 1950s—the training ground for later citizens' movements is also elaborated upon.

Keywords: shimin; Marxist; Japan; civic activism; anti-security treaty; shimin Shakai; civil society; bourgeoisie

Chapter.  17241 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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