Chapter

Friendship

Daniel J. Hruschka

in Friendship

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780520265462
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520947887 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520265462.003.0006
Friendship

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This chapter documents what is known about the development of friendship as people progress from childhood to adulthood. Different societies suggest that children learn the skills and expectations of friendship in strikingly similar ways. However, along with learning the broadly shared norm of providing mutual aid, there is a great deal of room for variation between individuals in how they learn the art of making and having friends. Therefore, the chapter concludes by reviewing what is known about how individuals within the same society come to differ in how they make and keep friends, focusing specifically on gender and personality differences. In the United States and Europe, toddlers develop attachments to specific friends with whom they prefer to play and interact. Over time, children learn that some of these attachments are different, in the sense that they involve expectations of turn taking, sharing, mutual aid, and support.

Keywords: friendship; childhood; adulthood; societies; children; gender; personality; United States; Europe; attachments

Chapter.  10123 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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