Chapter

Friendship, Culture, and Ecology

Daniel J. Hruschka

in Friendship

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780520265462
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520947887 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520265462.003.0008
Friendship, Culture, and Ecology

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People's choices in dilemmas reflect value differences that social scientists call particularism and universalism. In addition, friendship differs in a number of other ways across cultures, including the degree to which partners value and expect different kinds of support and how people resolve other loyalty conflicts between, for example, kin and friends. This chapter is divided into two sections. The first explores cross-cultural differences in expectations of friends, in the relative value placed on friends, and in the kinds of aid they provide. The second section critically examines hypotheses about how social, cultural, and ecological contexts influence people's friendships and what they expect of their friends. In particular, the chapter examines four hypothesized reasons for differences in friendship, including material and social uncertainty, geographic mobility, competition with kin institutions, and changes in the media that people use to communicate and interact.

Keywords: dilemmas; particularism; universalism; friendship; cultures; friends; social uncertainty; mobility; media

Chapter.  10297 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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