The myth of Herakles had long been connected with the river Istros in Danube. Alexander the Great's crossing of the Hellespont and the visit to Ilion are pregnant with symbolism. On the eve of the battle of Issos (autumn 333 B.C.), Alexander arrived at the Kilikian city of Mallos, which he found in a state of stasis. The straightforward politics of the Mallian stasis can be easily conjectured. Alexander's takeover of Egypt was a strategic necessity, following up and complementing the conquest of the Levant. The visit to Siwah and the consultation with Ammon's oracle removed all doubt that Alexander was the Son of God. The oracular recognition of Alexander's Divine Sonship was taken up immediately by Egyptian priestly protocol. The knowledge that he was not merely a distant offspring of Zeus, but his very son, will have been a source of great comfort and spiritual uplift.
Keywords: Alexander the Great; Herakles; myth; Istros; Danube; Egypt; Divine Sonship; Zeus; Ammon; Hellespont
Chapter. 8851 words.
Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology
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