Chapter

Afghanistan's Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780520266773
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948006 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520266773.003.0007
Afghanistan's Impact on Indo-Pakistani Relations

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Soviet tanks and troops moved into Kabul at the end of 1979, installing their puppet Amir Babrak Karmal as Pakistan's nominal ruler. This alarmed both Pakistan and the United States. India's reaction to the Soviet Union's move was ambivalent, not only because Indira Gandhi had just recently signed her treaty of friendship with Moscow, but also since Pakistan's Muhammad Zia ul-Haq was so aggressively a fundamentalist Muslim, eager to arm and support thousands of Pathan mujahideen (jihadist) guerrillas. Four years before Benazir Bhutto's rise to premier power, Gandhi was assassinated in her own garden by two of her trusted Sikh bodyguards. The outpouring of nationwide sympathy following Indira's death assured the Congress Party, led by Indira's son Rajiv, its strongest historic victory. In 1991, Rajiv Gandhi himself was assassinated by a Tamil Tiger terrorist woman while campaigning near Madras. Benazir Bhutto was eventually replaced by Nawaz Sharif, who strongly supported Taliban forces in Afghanistan.

Keywords: Afghanistan; India; Pakistan; Soviet Union; United States; Muhammad Zia ul-Haq; Taliban; Benazir Bhutto; Rajiv Gandhi; Nawaz Sharif

Chapter.  2521 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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