Pakistan's Proxy War and Kashmir's <i>Azaadi</i> Revolution

Stanley Wolpert

in India and Pakistan

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780520266773
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948006 | DOI:
Pakistan's Proxy War and Kashmir's Azaadi Revolution

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With no Soviet troops left to fight in Afghanistan, Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence vigorously focused its attention on Kashmir, encouraging unemployed mujahideen to help them liberate it from the steel grip of India's strongly entrenched army in the Vale. Indira Gandhi's last decade in power had proved as tragic for Kashmir as it did for Punjab. She seemed to have lost her judgment, and certainly her patience with any opposition. In 1975, Allahabad's High Court found Gandhi guilty of campaign malpractice, a crime that should have barred her from elective office for six years. Instead of handing over her powers to senior colleagues in her own Congress Party, at least until the Supreme Court could decide her appeal, Gandhi suspended India's Constitution, declaring a national “Emergency.” Gandhi's injudicious reaction to her conviction aroused India's best and bravest voices against her harsh dictatorship and tyranny, awakening Kashmir's young men and women. This chapter chronicles the events that led to Pakistan's proxy war and the revolution staged by Kashmir's Azaadis.

Keywords: Afghanistan; India; Pakistan; Inter-Services Intelligence; Kashmir; mujahideen; Indira Gandhi; proxy war; Azaadi revolution; Congress Party

Chapter.  2155 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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