Chapter

Resilience and Reorganization

Todd J. Braje, Torben C. Rick, Robert L. DeLong and Jon M. Erlandson

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780520267268
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948976 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0012
Resilience and Reorganization

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California's Channel Islands currently shelter more than 200,000 pinnipeds of six different species, and more than a dozen large and small cetacean species also swim through or are seasonally resident in island waters. This chapter explores the archaeology and historical ecology of California Channel Island marine mammals and analyzes the available historical and archaeological evidence for marine mammal hunting in the area. It also draws on archaeological, historical, and ecological data to examine the resilience and reorganization of marine mammal populations on Channel Islands over the past 12,000 years. It summarizes key aspects of the natural history of those North Pacific marine mammals that reside in or visit southern California waters today and were the target of ancient Native hunters and scavengers in the past. After a brief summary of modern marine mammal behavior, natural history, and distribution in the Santa Barbara Bight, the chapter synthesizes the archaeological record of island marine mammal hunting.

Keywords: California; Channel Islands; pinnipeds; marine mammals; hunting; archaeology; historical ecology; resilience; reorganization; natural history

Chapter.  11974 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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