Chapter

Perspectives from the Past

Todd J. Braje and Torben C. Rick

in Human Impacts on Seals, Sea Lions, and Sea Otters

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780520267268
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948976 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520267268.003.0013
Perspectives from the Past

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Overfishing, pollution, climate change, mismanagement, and other factors have resulted in severely depleted marine ecosystems and anthropogenic seascapes. Steps have been taken to reverse trends, mitigate damage, and restore degraded fisheries and marine ecosystems to a more “natural” balance. This book has demonstrated, based on archaeological and historical data, that hunting and scavenging have affected pinnipeds and sea otters over long time periods. This chapter revisits the issues associated with the archaeology and historical ecology of pinnipeds and sea otters in the northeastern Pacific Coast. It examines how ancient peoples from southern California to Alaska influenced and impacted ancient pinniped and sea otter abundance, biogeography, and behavior. It also discusses the effects of ancient climate changes on pinnipeds, sea otters, and human society, and how the effects of human impacts can be distinguished from natural climatic changes.

Keywords: Pacific Coast; archaeology; historical ecology; pinnipeds; sea otters; biogeography; behavior; human impacts; climate changes; ancient peoples

Chapter.  6041 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences

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