Chapter

The Emergence of a Notion of a Free Will in Stoicism

Michael Frede

in A Free Will

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780520268487
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948372 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520268487.003.0005
The Emergence of a Notion of a Free Will in Stoicism

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This chapter presents the text of Michael Frede's speech concerning the emergence of a notion of free will in Stoicism. It explains that the Stoic definition of freedom states that freedom is a matter of having the ability to act on one's own, to act at one's own discretion, to act on one's own account, to act independently. It discusses the assumptions and concerns which give rise to this first notion of a free will and explains the relevant views of Epictetus.

Keywords: free will; Stoicism; freedom; Epictetus; Michael Frede; speech

Chapter.  7939 words. 

Subjects: Classical Philosophy

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