Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology

Flávio C. T. Lima and Alexandre C. Ribeiro

in Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780520268685
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520948501 | DOI:
Continental-Scale Tectonic Controls of Biogeography and Ecology

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This chapter investigates the role of substrate geology and river basin geomorphology in the formation of the fauna in South America. It suggests that the major biogeographic patterns was influenced by the granitic Guiana and Brazilian shields, the foreland sedimentary basins of the western Amazon and the intracratonic sedimentary basins along the Amazon fault system. It argues against the use of areas of endemism in biogeographic analyses and highlights the composite nature of regional fish species assemblages.

Keywords: substrate geology; river basin; geomorphology; fauna; South America; biogeographic patterns; intracratonic sedimentary basins; Amazon fault system; fish species; endemism

Chapter.  14304 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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