Chapter

Analytical Methods for Measuring Mercury in Water, Sediment, and Biota

Brenda K. Lasorsa, Gary A. Gill and Milena Horvat

in Mercury in the Environment

Published by University of California Press

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780520271630
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520951396 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520271630.003.0003
Analytical Methods for Measuring Mercury in Water, Sediment, and Biota

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Mercury exists in a large number of physical and chemical forms with a wide range of properties. Conversion between these forms provides the basis for mercury's complex distribution in local and global cycles and for its biological enrichment and effects. During recent years, new analytical techniques have become available that have contributed significantly to the understanding of mercury chemistry in natural systems and allow for the determination of total mercury as well as major species of mercury in water, sediments and soils, and biota. This chapter provides an overview of a wide variety of analytical methods that can be utilized, depending on the nature of the sample, the concentration levels of mercury, and what species or fraction is to be quantified.

Keywords: mercury; methylmercury; inorganic mercury; reactive mercury; total mercury; analysis; speciation; chemical forms of mercury; analytical methods; mercury in environmental samples

Chapter.  20422 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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