Chapter

Emerging Natural History

Frank N. Egerton

in Roots of Ecology

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780520271746
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780520953635 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520271746.003.0005
Emerging Natural History

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Bradley became a full-time naturalist by publishing nature books and magazines. He wrote on ecological topics, including balance of nature and contagion. Réaumur devoted most of his career to writing an illustrated entomological encyclopedia. His detailed life histories included ecological observations and inspired others to do likewise. British and French naturalists in North America collected plants and animals and published observations and illustrations of new species. The Swedish naturalist Kalm spent one and a half years in eastern North America and published an influential three-volume travelogue. Buffon exceeded in length Réaumur's encyclopedia with his own, on mammals and birds, though Buffon was a less cautious theoretician; he assumed American species were degenerate versions of Old World species. John Bartram and William Bartram were American naturalists whose natural histories were read abroad. White's Natural History of Selbornewas outstanding and widely appreciated. German naturalists led Russian colleagues in exploring from Moscow to the Pacific and north to Alaska. Resulting natural histories were published in German or Russian.

Keywords: Bradley; Réaumur; Kalm; Buffon; John Bartram; William Bartram; White; Russian exploration

Chapter.  27464 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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