Chapter

Ascendant Ecology

Frank N. Egerton

in Roots of Ecology

Published by University of California Press

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780520271746
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780520953635 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520271746.003.0008
Ascendant Ecology

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Darwin's Journal of Researches,coral reef book, and barnacle books contain significant ecological observations, but his revolutionary On the Origin of Speciesis a landmark ecological work. These and later books made him an important founder of ecology. His Beagleexpedition inspired Wallace, Bates, and Spruce to explore Amazonia, collecting observations and specimens that led to their own publications having ecological relevance. Soon Hooker, Huxley, and Wallace undertook expeditions elsewhere, with similar results. During the 1800s, plant physiology and plant pathology built upon achievements of the 1700s to become sophisticated sciences that elucidated photosynthesis, respiration, and diseases. Entomology became the most widely researched zoological discipline, as insects attack valuable plants, animals, and humans. Insects are also important vectors of diseases, as became clear during later 1800s, when the germ theory was established. Haeckel, a Darwinian, reorganized zoology along evolutionary lines, and he named and defined ecology in 1866.

Keywords: Darwin as ecologist; Wallace; Bates; Spruce; Hooker; Huxley; plant physiology; plant pathology; entomology; Haeckel; germ theory

Chapter.  35356 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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