Chapter

Primates in Africa and Asia

Michael Heads

in Molecular Panbiogeography of the Tropics

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780520271968
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520951808 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520271968.003.0005
Primates in Africa and Asia

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The distributions of the ten widespread primate clades in Africa are compared and contrasted. The phylogenetic breaks are related to aspects of regional tectonics, including the Lebombo monocline of southern Africa, the Central African rift system, marine transgression in the Congo basin, and Cenozoic uplift in East Africa. In Asia, evolution in the nine widespread primate clades is related to the complex paleogeography of the Tethys basins, the plate margins around the India-China border, the formation of Borneo and Sulawesi by the fusion of multiple terranes, and the uplift of the Himalayas and Tibet. Groups such as the odd-nosed colobines range from mangroves in Borneo to montane forests in Yunnan and Tibet, and this elevational range is attributed to passive uplift of populations during orogeny.

Keywords: Lebombo monocline; Central African rift system; Congo; Borneo; Sulawesi; terrane; orogeny; uplift

Chapter.  20702 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Evolutionary Biology

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