Chapter

Pollution: Emerging Contaminants

Carol A. Vines and Gary N. Cherr

in Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780520274297
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780520954014 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0005
Pollution: Emerging Contaminants

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Emerging contaminants in aquatic environments, including the San Francisco Bay, are of increasing concern to regulatory agencies, ecosystem managers, and the public. There is increasing evidence that many emerging contaminants have properties similar to those of the legacy contaminants such as PCBs, dioxins, and chlorinated pesticides, in that they are persistent, they bioaccumulate, and they are toxic to aquatic organisms. However, information on scope of contamination and effects of many emerging contaminants is lacking. This chapter gives a brief overview of several classes of emerging contaminants, including flame retardants, nanomaterials, pesticides, musks, antimicrobial compounds, pharmaceuticals, and perfluorinated compounds. A brief discussion on detection of emerging contaminants and the use of biomarker responses to investigate effects is also included.

Keywords: emerging contaminants; San Francisco Bay; flame retardants; nanomaterials; pesticides; musks; antimicrobial compounds; perfluorinated; compounds; biomarkers

Chapter.  12140 words. 

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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