Journal Article

Does Use of Pesticides Known to Harm Natural Enemies of Spider Mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) Result in Increased Number of Miticide Applications? An Examination of California Walnut Orchards

Kimberly P. Steinmann, Minghua Zhang and Joseph A. Grant

in Journal of Economic Entomology

Volume 104, issue 5, pages 1496-1501
Published in print October 2011 | ISSN: 0022-0493
Published online November 2014 | e-ISSN: 1938-291X | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC11168
Does Use of Pesticides Known to Harm Natural Enemies of Spider Mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) Result in Increased Number of Miticide Applications? An Examination of California Walnut Orchards

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Integrated pest management (IPM) offers guidelines to reduce spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) outbreaks by avoiding pesticides known to be harmful to the natural enemies of spider mites. However, in practice, these guidelines can be inconsistent in their effectiveness. The project examined whether California walnut (Juglans L.) growers, following IPM guidelines to avoid pesticides harmful to the natural enemies of spider mites, achieved lower miticide use. Significant statistical tests suggested that fields with harmful applications were 40% more likely to have a miticide application than fields without. Although the IPM guidelines achieved the goal of reducing miticide use, further analysis of other potential causal mechanisms behind outbreaks could strengthen the effectiveness of the guidelines, potentially increasing IPM adoption.

Keywords: biological control; integrated pest management; secondary pest outbreaks; Tetranychidae; tree nuts

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