Journal Article

Temperature Affects Emergence of <i>Crataerina pallida</i> (Diptera: Hippoboscidae)

in Journal of Medical Entomology

Published on behalf of Entomological Society of America

Volume 47, issue 6, pages 1235-1237
Published in print November 2010 | ISSN: 0022-2585
Published online December 2014 | e-ISSN: 1938-2928 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/ME10125
Temperature Affects Emergence of Crataerina pallida (Diptera: Hippoboscidae)

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Despite knowledge of parasite biology being essential for host–parasite system functioning to be understood, the life histories of many parasites remain little studied. One example being the hippoboscid Crataerina pallida (Olivier in Latreille, 1812) (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), a nest ectoparasite of the common swift, Apus apus L. (Aves: Apodidae). The factors influencing adult parasite emergence remain unclear. Whether temperature affects emergence was studied by exposing overwintering pupae to differing temperature regimes. At higher temperatures, greater numbers of adults emerged. This indicates that adult hatching is temperature mediated and may be enhanced by host presence. The relationship between C. pallida and their hosts is thus close.

Keywords: parasite,; common swift,; host–parasite system

Journal Article.  1357 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Disease Ecology and Epidemiology ; Entomology

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