Journal Article

Effects of sublethal concentrations of the chitin synthesis inhibitor, hexaflumuron, on the development and hemolymph physiology of the cutworm, <i>Spodoptera litura</i>

Qiqi Zhu, Yuan He, Jing Yao, Yinzhao Liu, Liming Tao and Qingchun Huang

Edited by Thomas A. Miller

in Journal of Insect Science

Volume 12, issue 1
Published online February 2012 | e-ISSN: 1536-2442 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1673/031.012.2701

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The effects of sublethal concentrations 0.1, 0.5, and 1.2 µg mL−1 of the chitin synthesis inhibitor, hexaflumuron, on larval growth and development, the count and proportion of hemocytes, and carbohydrate content (trehalose and glyceride) in hemolymph were investigated in the cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Fabricious) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). When 3rd instar larvae were subjected to the sublethal concentrations, there were dose–dependent effects on larval weight and length of each instar larvae, percent pupation and the duration of development. Most of the larvae died during the molting process at all concentrations. Few individuals from 0.5 and 1.2 µg mL−1 concentrations could develop to the 6th instar, while the pupae emerging from the 0.1 µg mL−1 concentrations did not exceed 16% of the number of the initial larvae. In 5th instar S. litura, the total number of hemocytes was significantly increased at 24 hours post–treatment, whereas the proliferation of hemocytes was inhibited, plasmatocyte pseudopodia contracted, and granulocyte expanded at 96 hours post–treatment. The increases of plasmatocyte count and the decreases of granulocyte count were dose–dependent. The longer treatment time of the sublethal concentrations increased the content of total carbohydrate and trehalose in hematoplasma, and was dose–dependent in hemocytes. The content of glyceride in hemolymph was significantly higher at 24 hours post–treatment, but gradually returned to normal levels at 96 hours post– treatment as compared with the control. The results suggested that sublethal concentrations of hexaflumuron reduced S. litura larval survival and interfered with hemolymph physiological balances.

Keywords: sublethal effects; hexaflumuron; Spodoptera litura

Journal Article.  4394 words.  Illustrated.

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