The Reality-Status of the Empirical World: The Mādhyamika Teaching

Stephen Cross

in Schopenhauer's Encounter with Indian Thought

Published by University of Hawaii Press

Published in print June 2013 | ISBN: 9780824837358
Published online November 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780824871048
The Reality-Status of the Empirical World: The Mādhyamika Teaching

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This chapter examines the main features of Arthur Schopenhauer’s thoughts about the reality-status of the empirical world and how they relate to the Mādhyamika teaching of Mahāyāna Buddhism. It first considers monk-scholar Nāgārjuna’s reinterpretation of the doctrine of dependent origination and compares his views with the Mādhyamika reinterpretation. It then explores Nāgārjuna’s throughts about emptiness (śūnyatā) and inherent being (svabhāva). It also discusses the importance of the teaching of the doctrine of Two Truths (satya-dvaya), together with the doctrines of dependent origination and emptiness, for the Mādhyamika school. Finally, it analyzes the concept of the everyday truth (samvrti-satya).

Keywords: reality-status; Arthur Schopenhauer; empirical world; Mādhyamika school; Nāgārjuna; dependent origination; emptiness; inherent being; Two Truths; everyday truth

Chapter.  4510 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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