The Decline of <i>Dirigisme</i> in France

John L. Campbell and Ove K. Pedersen

in The National Origins of Policy Ideas

Published by Princeton University Press

Published in print April 2014 | ISBN: 9780691150314
Published online October 2017 | e-ISBN: 9781400850365
The Decline of Dirigisme in France

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This chapter examines the political-economic problems that France faced in the aftermath of the Golden Age. These political-economic problems persisted and precipitated what some people described as a crisis of ideas within the state—the realization that the statist knowledge regime was too insulated and therefore suffered a lack of fresh thinking. In turn, policymakers began to encourage the development of new semi-public policy research organizations outside the state as well as new ones inside it in an effort to cultivate new ideas. This externalization strategy was very much a part of France's move away from dirigisme—central state-led economic development—and involved the gradual if partial separation of the knowledge regime from the policymaking regime, which earlier had been virtually indistinguishable from each other.

Keywords: political-economic problems; France; ideas crisis; statist knowledge regime; semi-public policy research; policy research organizations; dirigisme; economic development; central state; knowledge regime; policymaking regime

Chapter.  20333 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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