Chapter

Origins and Early History: Shī῾īs, Ismailis and Qarmaṭīs

Farhad Daftary

in A Short History of the Ismailis

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print June 1998 | ISBN: 9780748609048
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671281 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748609048.003.0002
Origins and Early History: Shī῾īs, Ismailis and Qarmaṭīs

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This chapter aims to situate the early Ismailis and the initiation of their movement or da'wa within the broader context of the formative period of Shī'ī Islam. In the event, it sheds light on the Imāmiyya heritage of the Ismailis, who separated from the rest of the Imāmī Shī'īs on the death of Imam al-Ṣādiq in 148/765. It then focuses on the opening phase of Ismaili history and the spread of the da'wa which culminated in the establishment of the Fatimid caliphate. The chapter also investigates an important schism in the Ismaili da'wa which separated the loyal Ismailis from the dissident Qarmaṭīs. The doctrines elaborated by the early Ismailis, including their cyclical conception of history and their cosmological doctrine, are also covered here.

Keywords: Da'wa; Imams; Qarmaṭīs; Cyclical history; Imāmī Shī'īs

Chapter.  18467 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Islam

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