The church was a special community within the Scottish realm. As throughout the Christian world, the clergy were a separate order of men and women with their own privileged place in a society that, virtually without exception, followed the teachings of the western church. The view of this Christian people was that the church was the custodian of their moral, intellectual, spiritual and even their physical well-being. The authority of the clergy therefore pervaded every aspect of life in thirteenth-century Scotland, and the Scottish church played a key role in shaping perceptions of the realm, both internally and externally. Within the Scottish kingdom the decades from 1214 to 1286 saw the slowing and completion of changes which had reshaped the church. The most important and enduring of these changes in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was the establishment of a structure of parishes.
Keywords: Scottish church; Scottish history; clergy; Christianity; parishes
Chapter. 9366 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)
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