Robert I

Michael Brown

in The Wars of Scotland 1214–1371

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2004 | ISBN: 9780748612376
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672301 | DOI:
Robert I

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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By late 1314 Robert Bruce's stature and security had grown immensely and allowed him to demand fealty of all Scots on pain of forfeiture of their lands in his realm. Such gains had not lifted the shadow of his usurpation, his seizure of the throne in violation of previous oaths to both King John and Edward I. Robert's task as king of Scots extended beyond meeting and fending off the challenges of war and disputed allegiance. He also needed to forge the structures of government and lordship which would cement the position of his dynasty. While the thirteenth-century monarchy provided a pattern for Bruce's kingship, Robert ruled a realm deeply affected by the impact and continuing needs of war. His success meant not a simple return to past relationships and rules, but a new personal and political balance. It was Robert, far more than Edward I, who had cut a swathe through the Scottish political establishment.

Keywords: Scotland; Scottish political society; Robert Bruce; war; Scottish history

Chapter.  9974 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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