Chapter

The War of the Three Kings (1332–57)

Michael Brown

in The Wars of Scotland 1214–1371

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2004 | ISBN: 9780748612376
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672301 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612376.003.0012
The War of the Three Kings (1332–57)

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War returned to Scotland as a struggle for crown and kingdom between the rival dynasties and parties which had divided the realm for forty years. The opposing factions were the new Bruce establishment and those who had been expelled and disinherited to make way for it. In the early 1330s these disinherited saw their opportunity and, like Robert Bruce in 1306, launched a war to win their rights. Now they, and not the Bruce party, had an adult leader. Edward Balliol was not prepared to accept his father's defeat and in 1331 travelled to England to provide the focus for a group of lords who sought to overturn Bruce's victory. In their own eyes, these lords were not just adventurers bent on private gain. Instead, from Edward Balliol down, they were men and women seeking rights denied them by Robert's usurpation of King John's throne. In 1332 they began military preparations, even though Edward III of England refused his open support.

Keywords: Robert Bruce; Scotland; war; Scottish history; Edward Balliol

Chapter.  10209 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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