Conclusion: A United Kingdom?

Michael Brown

in The Wars of Scotland 1214–1371

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2004 | ISBN: 9780748612376
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672301 | DOI:
Conclusion: A United Kingdom?

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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The years between the mid-thirteenth and mid-fourteenth centuries represented a pivotal period in the history of Scotland. The strengthening of the ideological and material power of the crown and the extension of royal lordship under Alexander II and Alexander III brought the kingdom to its high medieval peak. However, their successes were part of general western European trends which favoured the tightening of central jurisdictions over those of lesser rulers and subjects. These trends also increased the possibility of Scotland itself being drawn into the close orbit of a greater royal lordship, that of the Plantagenet dominions. The thirteenth-century status quo between the two realms remained ambiguous and, in the legalistic atmosphere of the time, it may have been inevitable that such ambiguities were exploited by English kings seeking formal authority over Scotland. Though it was driven by the dynastic catastrophe of the early 1280s, it would have been neither unnatural nor unthinkable for Scotland to have been absorbed into the lordship of the English crown at the turn of the fourteenth century.

Keywords: Scotland; Scottish history; Plantagenet; England; Scottish kingdom; royal lordship

Chapter.  1694 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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