Chapter

The phoenix city: War and invasion in the fifth and sixth centuries

Menno Fenger and Paul Henman

in Rome in Late Antiquity

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780748612390
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651009 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.003.0004
The phoenix city: War and invasion in the fifth and sixth centuries

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From the end of the third century, Rome ceased to be the emperors' principal residence. In the wake of intrigues in Constantinople in 400–402, the Goths who were settled in the Balkans and Illyria made a move towards Italy. This chapter shows that the expedition of the Vandals against Rome was a simple raid, and not the prelude to an invasion of Italy. Rome did not undergo destruction and massacres, but was weakened by the exodus of its wealth and its élite. The Roman Church had lost the liturgical furnishings of its tituli, which Pope Leo had to renew in their entirety. The Vandal sack, in this instance, had been a profitable act of piracy coupled with diplomatic victory. The chapter also explores the civil war and the devastation of the Gothic war.

Keywords: Rome; Constantinople; Goths; Italy; expedition; Vandals; Church; Pope Leo; civil war; Gothic war

Chapter.  4451 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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