Chapter

The influence of Christian Rome

Menno Fenger and Paul Henman

in Rome in Late Antiquity

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780748612390
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651009 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748612390.003.0014
The influence of Christian Rome

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The power of dissident theologies – Arianism, then Nestorianism and Monophysitism – in the eastern part of the Roman empire established the bishop of Rome as a moral and political authority to whom the eastern Nicene Christians could appeal. The bishop intended to give the apostolic see an authority that extended beyond the bounds of Rome and Italy. The influence of Rome's word was not confined to the west, a fact eloquently demonstrated by the translation of Gregory the Great's treatise on Pastoral Care into Greek. As for Britain, it had witnessed Roman administration and troops finally withdrawn around 410. Christianity had certainly managed to penetrate these regions. Gregory wanted to consolidate and give a firm base to a vulnerable Christianity by means of ecclesiastical institutions: strong links between the British Isles and Rome were central to this movement.

Keywords: Arianism; Nestorianism; Monophysitism; bishop; Rome; Italy; Gregory the Great; Pastoral Care; Britain; Christianity

Chapter.  2590 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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